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Abstract Milena Mileva Blaži?

Female Authorship and the New Sensibility in Slovenian Youth Literature in 19th Century

Between 1850 and 1900 it was mostly male writers who wrote for children and youth in present-day Slovenia which was at the time a part of the Habsburg monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary (1526-1804-1918). The greatest influence in the small land of Slovenia was the additional division of the territory into regions which were under different influences, such as Germanic, Romanic, and Slavic. Youth literature in the Slovenian language between 1850 and 1900 was marginalised, and the authors themselves were in a similar position. Due to this, they used pseudonyms, initials, and some wrote anonymously or even without a signature.

The female authors were triple marginalised in the 19th century. In the second half of the 19th century, female authors brought about a new sensibility, although merely as fragments, in adult literature and later in youth literature in writing and illustrating, the collecting of folk tales, and gradual translating. The new sensibility was a new perception of a child as a human being with specific characteristics who has a right to toys and playing, and no longer just as a diminished adult and as a subsidiary labour force.

Despite having been marginalised, the following female authors were representatives between 1850 and 1900: Leopoldina Rott Kernik, Luiza Pesjak, Marica Nadlišek Bartol, Manica Koman; and in the beginning of the 20th century also Lea Fatur, Ljudmila Prunk, and others. In this paper I will show how the belonging to the culture of this small land marked their creativity and to what extent these authors looked up to foreign female authors.

AsK, October 2012

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